The film was a popular success in Algeria, though Yacef recounts that there were some objections to the film’s action being limited to Algiers, not least since much of the war happened in the countryside (Harrison 2007b: 412). The film’s emotional impact is significantly helped by the music composed by Ennio Morricone (maybe better known for composing the music for Sergio Leone’s Spaghetti Westerns), with input from Pontecorvo himself. 105–24. The FLN commandeer the Casbah via summary execution of Algerian criminals and suspected French collaborators; they commit terrorism, including bombings, to harass Europeans. It is not the role of art take cautious steps in an attempt to leave its audience unoffended, but rather to embrace diversity of thought and creativity to portray untainted ideas. [9] The Italian producers rejected it as too biased towards the Algerians.

He blamed some of the problems in Iraq on the fact that the U.S. victory came too easily and quickly; if the lessons of other conflicts are a guide, it may be too soon to declare that victory. This theory is described by a French military commander in "The Battle of Algiers": Terrorist groups are like tapeworms -- they keep reviving unless you destroy the head. The Battle of Algiers, Italian-Algerian war film, released in 1966, that is the signature achievement of director Gillo Pontecorvo and an acclaimed experiment in cinéma vérité.

[31] The Battle of Algiers was apparently Andreas Baader's favourite movie. Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, trans. Nicholas Harrison, ‘Pontecorvo’s “Documentary” Aesthetics’, Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, Vol.

In one of their courses, they were shown the movie The Battle of Algiers.

The ways in which these groups are labeled and characterized has a large impact, in the United States.”Malcolm’s idea that a police state leads to terrorist tactics in negro communities is based in historical evidence of colonialism and segregation and can be reinforced by the arguments of Cabral,Covington, Daulatzai, The Battle of Algiers and the Spook who Sat by the Door. Developing a marketing strategy "Tell me, general," a Parisian journalist asks the revolutionary, "do you not consider it cowardly to send your women carrying bombs in their handbags, to blow up civilians?" [29], Pontecorvo stated "The Algerians put no obstacles in our way because they knew that I'd be making a more or less objective film about the subject. The commander (Col. Mathieu played by Jean Martin) enters and tells the man to put on a French uniform. [33], During 2003, the press reported that United States Department of Defense (the Pentagon) offered a screening of the movie on August 27. To fully understand what is happening, there will be a focus on the storytelling, acting, cinematography, editing, sound, style, The film “Battle for Algiers” can be analyzed thoroughly through Frantz Fanon’s and Hannah Arendt’s polar opposite theories on violence. [3], The tactics of the FLN guerrilla insurgency and the French counter insurgency, and the uglier incidents of the war are depicted. He said in an interview that the Colonel is "elegant and cultured, because Western civilization is neither inelegant nor uncultured". And women were equally subject to violence, including sexual violence (Evangelista 2011: 60–1). PierNico Solinas, "An Interview with Franco Solinas", in, "The Battle of Algiers (1967) - Box Office Mojo", Millennium: Journal of International Studies, "Gillo Pontecorvo: The Battle of Algiers". Algeria succeeded in gaining independence from the French, which Pontecorvo addresses in the film's epilogue.[3]. 371–88. It was described at the time as "impartial," alternating between the stories of the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) and the French police and paratroopers assigned to destroy it. Both colonizer and colonized commit atrocities against civilians. The FLN began their campaign in shooting military police in the Casbah, the predominantly Muslim quarter of the city, as they were able to blend back … David Forgacs, ‘Italians in Algiers’, Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, Vol. The Battle of Algiers (Italian: La battaglia di Algeri; Arabic: معركة الجزائر‎, romanized: Maʿrakat al-Jazāʾir) is a 1966 Italian-Algerian historical war film co-written and directed by Gillo Pontecorvo and starring Jean Martin and Saadi Yacef. 1954. [16] The sole professional actor of the movie was Jean Martin, who played Colonel Mathieu; Martin was a French actor who had worked primarily in theatre.

In the next scene you have the commander again speaking to some young men who are hidden in a wall. Unsure whether Martin's professional acting style would contrast too much with the non-professionals, Pontecorvo argued about Martin's acting choices.[17]. He introduced the movie approvingly and added a religiously oriented commentary to it. Col. Mathieu does his job well. The bitter divisions within the FLN are ignored. These actions are seen in silence, but when the French respond by blowing up the home of a terrorist, the score by Ennio Morricone becomes mournful as survivors pick through the debris.

"Why are the liberals always on the other side?" The FLN began their campaign in shooting military police in the Casbah, the predominantly Muslim quarter of the city, as they were able to blend back into the scene with the support of the populace.

[3], Pontecorvo and Solinas created several protagonists in their screenplay who are based on historical war figures. Sound familiar? Soon the entire Arab population builds to a mad fervor. The rebel replies in a flat tone of voice: "And do you not think it cowardly to bomb our people with napalm?" But there was a time when he did not need to ask himself why the Nazis did not belong in France. Another documentary in the set includes interviews with FLN commanders Saadi Yacef and Zohra Drif. The moral paradox is that many Iraqis will blame the deaths on us, because if we were not there, the bombing would not have taken place. Instead, Gillo Pontecorvo, in his 1966 film, The Battle of Algiers, presents the war uniquely in terms of the FLN against the French paratroopers. It was shot on location and the film's score was composed by Ennio Morricone. [5] In 2010, Empire also ranked the movie 6th in The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema. Times reporter Michael Kaufman wrote that Pentagon audiences were "urged to consider and discuss the implicit issues at the core of the film -- the problematic but alluring efficacy of brutal and repressive means in fighting clandestine terrorists in places like Algeria and Iraq."

"The Battle of Algiers" is newly available in a restored print on a three-disc Criterion edition, including documentaries, and interviews with Pontecorvo, terrorism experts and film directors like Oliver Stone, Mira Nair, Steven Soderbergh and Spike Lee. In 1962, the Algerians finally achieve their aimed independence. This reasoning is chilling, and carries a terrible weight of logic. Ali is obviously going to be a main character.

Back on the streets, Ali receives instructions (carried by a small boy) to shoot a policeman who meets daily with an Algerian informer. In 1962, the French granted Algeria its freedom. Battle of Algiers won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival and was nominated for three Oscars. 3, 2007, pp. Everything was shot live, even riot scenes in which police battle civilian demonstrators. Roger Ebert was the film critic of the Chicago Sun-Times from 1967 until his death in 2013. ANALYSIS Battle of Algiers was released in 1966, 4 years after the end of the Algerian war. “How to win a battle against terrorism and lose the war of ideas. Pontecorvo used black-and-white film stock, natural (though often filtered) light, telephoto lenses and handheld cameras, and achieved a grainy look by printing new negatives from the positive images, and then making new, rougher positive images from those.

This is because the filmmaker is focused on conveying a number of ideas and themes to the audience. [30], The release of The Battle of Algiers coincided with the decolonization period and national liberation wars, as well as a rising tide of left-wing radicalism in Western nations in which a large minority showed interest in armed struggle. The parallel with bombings in Israel, the U.K. and Iraq is prophetic and chilling. 9, No. Certainly it was shown by the Black Panthers and the IRA to their members, and in September 2003 the New York Times reported that the movie was being shown in … They were preparing us for police missions against the civilian population, who became our new enemy. The second is French paratrooper Colonel Mathieu, a lead French strategist whose main goal is to dismantle the FLN activities by "cutting off the head of the tapeworm". One woman plants her bomb in a cafe and then, in a disturbing scene, watches the customers eating, drinking, smoking and talking -- customers who will soon be dead. It succeeds tactically, but fails strategically. While the Battle of Algiers, Sembene!, Welcome to Nollywood, and Timbuktu have shown many different stories, they have just barely scratched the surface of the millions of “single stories” that can be found in, Semiotics, Authorship And Viewers Are All Producers Of Meaning, Assessing Representations Of Contemporary Hollywood Using The Bechdel Test, Information Gathered And Business Models / Accounting Techniques Used, The Epic Of Gilgamesh And The David Story, The Use Of Quantum Mechanics On The Entertainment Industry, Graduation Speech : Science, Technology, Engineering And Mathematics. As a consequence, neither side can really know how many (or how few) insurgents are involved. Sound familiar? France, after the independence of the nations comprising Indochina, turns its attention to incidents in French Algeria, which they have ruled for approximately one hundred thirty years. One conventional response has been the capture, interrogation and sometimes torture of the fighters, who are pressured to betray the names and plans of their co-conspirators. Ali finds the cafe, the policeman, the woman and the gun, but when he pulls the trigger, the gun is not loaded. Children shoot soldiers at point blank range. [2], The film concentrates mainly on revolutionary fighter Ali La Pointe during the years between 1954 and 1957, when guerrilla fighters of the FLN regrouped and expanded into the Casbah, the citadel of Algiers. "[23], The Pakistani writer and activist Tariq Ali, has placed the Battle of Algiers in his top 10 films list for the Sight and Sound poll of the greatest films of all time. Plot Keywords Parents Guide, Movies I desperately need to watch or re-watch. What lessons a modern viewer can gain from the film depends on who is watching and what they want to see. [24], On review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 99% based on 87 reviews, with an average rating of 9.06/10; the site's consensus reads: "A powerful, documentary-like examination of the response to an occupying force, The Battle of Algiers hasn't aged a bit since its release in 1966.

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