Fog is frequent, especially in the autumn and spring. [citation needed], After the second partition of Poland-Lithuania in 1793, Minsk and its larger region became part of the Russian Empire. The most prominent are immigrants from the Caucasus countries – Armenians, Azerbaijanis and Georgians each numbering about 2,000 to 5,000. During the last centuries of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, many Minsk residents became polonised, adopting the language of the dominant Poles and assimilating to its culture.

Beginning in the 1980s, there has been mass-scale emigration to Israel, the US, and Germany.

[citation needed]. By 1900, Minsk had 58 factories employing 3,000 workers. [citation needed], The Jewish population of Minsk peaked in the early 1970s at 50,000 according to official figures; independent estimates put the figure at between 100,000 and 120,000. It received town privileges in 1499. City authorities consider the date of 3 March 1067 to be the exact founding date of the city,[14] though the town (by then fortified by wooden walls) had certainly existed for some time by then. In 1838, the first local newspaper, Minskiye gubernskiye vedomosti ("Minsk province news") went into circulation. Belarus is a heavily forested, flat, low-lying country that includes the Poltsk Lowland (north) and the Dnieper Lowland (south). ), Russian (official) 70.2%, Belarusian (official) 23.4%, other 3.1% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities), unspecified 3.3% (2009 est. following maps are from Mapquest. Minsk is located at the junction of the Warsaw-Moscow railway (built in 1871) running from the southwest to the northeast of the city and the Liepaja-Romny railway (built in 1873) running from the northwest to the south. The physical geography of Minsk was shaped over the two most recent ice ages. It was also an important centre for the Eastern Orthodox Church. [12] The Svislach River valley was the settlement boundary between two Early East Slav tribes – the Krivichs and Dregovichs. About 40% of the work force is still employed in the manufacturing sector.

In 1846, the Moscow-Warsaw road was laid through Minsk. Olaf: Best Gin Tonic in Minsk. As observed on the physical map of Belarus, it is a relatively low-lying country. The Germans designated Minsk the administrative centre of Generalbezirk Weißruthenien. [citation needed][27] To house the expanding population, Minsk spread beyond its historical boundaries. [40], There are no reliable statistics on the religious affiliations of those living in Minsk, or among the population of Belarus generally. [57], Minsk is the major industrial centre of Belarus. Serdan: I tried many different type of Gurmans tea..I may tell you that this is the best tea in the world..Perfectly delicious and i believe just like a good medical for body. [50] Many dwellers are concerned for their safety at night and the strongest concern was expressed by residents of Chizhovka and Shabany microdistricts (both in Zavodski District). They cross at the Minsk-Pasažyrski railway station, the main railway station of Minsk. [citation needed], After the Second World War, Minsk was rebuilt, but not reconstructed. [citation needed], Before the Second World War, Minsk had a population of 300,000 people, but this had fallen to around 50,000 by 1944. As the capital, Minsk has a special administrative status in Belarus and is the administrative centre of Minsk Region (voblasć) and Minsk District (rajon). Minsk Arena is the only indoor speed skating rink in Belarus. Some factories were closed down, and residents began evacuating to the east. However, after 1569 the official language was Polish. [33] However, the majority of overall air pollution is produced by cars.

zoom and scroll features to view more or less detail. Belarus is bordered by 5 nations: by Russia in the north and east; by Ukraine in the south; by Poland in the west; by Lithuania and Latvia in the northwest.
It opened in 1982 and the current railway station opened in 1987. [49], The SIZO-1 detention center, IK-1 general prison, and the KGB special jail called "Amerikanka" are all located in Minsk.

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